Generally speaking, an employer is free to employ or not to employ a particular person. The latter is somewhat restricted. According to Art.64 of the Labour Code an employer must not discriminate on grounds of sex, race, skin colour, nationality, language, origin, property, social status or place of living (including, inter alia, an absence of obligatory registration at the place of living) as well as other circumstances unrelated to a person's business characteristics. It is prohibited to refuse employment to a woman on grounds of pregnancy or having children.

A person who was refused employment is entitled to demand an explanation in writing of reasons for refusal. Such a refusal can be appealed in court.