Justices of the peace.

According to the Federal Law 'On the Justices of the Peace in the Russian Federation' of December 17, 1998, the peace courts are within the system of general jurisdiction.

Effectively, these are small claim courts which competent to hear minor civil and administrative as well as certain criminal cases. These are, for example, disputes where the amount of the claim is less than RUR 50,000 roubles (approximately $1,600); divorces, unless there is a dispute about children and certain employment disputes. It is also competent to hear criminal cases where maximum punishment established does not exceed three years of imprisonment.